Alkanols and Alkanoic Acids

Describe the differences between the alkanol and alkanoic acid functional groups in carbon compounds

  • Functional group: An atom or a group of atoms that reacts in a characteristic way when in different carbon compounds.
  • Alkanol: An alkane containing a hydroxy/alcohol functional group (–OH) in place of a hydrogen atom, which gives the molecule high melting and boiling points.
  • Alkanols have the following general formula:
  • Alkanols have the following general structure (where R is an alkyl group or a hydrogen atom):
  • Methanol (CH3OH) is the simplest alkanol.
  • Alkanoic acid: An alkane containing carboxylic acid functional group (–COOH) in place of three hydrogen atoms, which can lose a hydrogen ion and behave as a weak acid.
  • Alkanoic acids have the following general formula:
  • Alkanols have the following general structure (where R is an alkyl group or a hydrogen atom):
  • Methanoic acid (HCOOH) is the simplest alkanoic acid.

Eascychem - Alkanols and Alkanoic Acids


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